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Information on Coronavirus, Interactive Map and Updated Statistics

Information on Coronavirus, Updated Statistics

What is the coronavirus?

Coronaviruses are a big family of viruses which are common in various animal species as bats, camels, cats and cows. Rarely, coronaviruses can be transmitted from animals to humans and then, from person to person.

 

The new coronavirus, which transmission was initially reported in a seafood and live animals market at Wuhan City in China, has been named  SARS-CoV-2 and the disease that is caused by this virus is called COVID-19. In China, up to date 77,785 cases have been confirmed, with 2,666 deaths (3.4 %) and 27,655 patients have recovered completely, which represent 35.5 % of affected patients (source: statista.com), it is important to remember that as a communist country, China had historically hidden data in previous epidemics like Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in 2003 and that this time, China government delayed two weeks the public announcement of the first case, as stated by medical journals The Lancet and  The New England Journal of Medicine

 

All over the world 80,149 patients have been reported, with a death toll of 2,711, actually, there are 49,799 infected people and 9,211 (18%) are in critical condition (source: worldometers). The disease has spread to 40 countries, including the United States, there are no confirmed cases officially in Mexico. You can check out case distribution in the interactive map provided by Johns Hopkins.

 

COVID-19 symptoms appear in a period of 2 to 14 days after exposure to the virus and consist in fever, cough and shortness of breath which can vary from mild to severe. Risk factors are: a recent travel to China or have been in contact with a sick person, it must be recalled that every infected patient has the potential to transmit the disease to 2 or 3 more persons.

 

There is no vaccine against this virus, and then is very important to take preventive measures: 

 

  • Avoid close contact with people who present symptoms of respiratory infection or confirmed patients.
  • Do not touch your eyes, nose or mouth.
  • If you have a respiratory tract infection, avoid leaving your home.
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a paper tissue when you cough or sneeze and then dispose it to trash.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched with a disinfectant spray or wipe. 
  • Avoid sharing glasses, plates, bed linen and other home items if you are sick. 
  • Contact your doctor if you present any of the symptoms already mentioned and inform about any recent travel. 
  • Avoid eating raw meat or partially cooked or animal organs.
  • Avoid contact with live animals and surfaces at markets that sell live animals in areas where coronavirus has been recently reported. 
  • Face masks are not recommended routinely for healthy people to avoid respiratory infections, including COVID-19, because usefulness for this purpose has not been proven.  Nevertheless, people who show symptoms of the disease should wear face masks to avoid spread of infection to others. Also, wearing face masks is crucial for health personnel and people who take care of a sick person at home or a facility.
  • Wash your hands frequently with water and soap at least during 20 seconds, specially after going to the bathroom, before eating and after sneezing or coughing, also, wash your hands when they are visibly dirty. 
  • If water and soap are not available you can use an alcohol based hand sanitizer.

Centers for Disease Control and prevention of the United States (CDC) recommend to avoid any non essential travel to China or South Korea. It is also recommended that older adults and people with chronic medical conditions as diabetes avoid traveling to Italy, Iran, and Japan.